Medida de eficiencia técnica en la educación media de América Latina: Pruebas PISA

Rafael Antonio Viana Barceló, Yehisen Frederick Urbina Fernández

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32997/2463-0470-vol.27-num.1-2019-2616

Resumen

En el presente estudio se evalúa la eficiencia técnica de estudiantes de 8 países de América Latina que participaron en las pruebas PISA 2015. El estudio se desarrolló bajo una metodología no paramétrica. Para ello, se empleó un modelo FDH con orientación al producto con un enfoque de estimaciones robustas y una descomposición de Metafrontera, esto último permite descomponer la eficiencia total de los estudiantes, entre la atribuible al estudiante y la atribuible al país. Los datos utilizados en el estudio provienen de las pruebas PISA 2015. Los datos utilizados corresponden 35,880 observaciones de igual número de estudiantes que presentaron la prueba mencionada. Los resultados revelan que la mayor parte de la ineficiencia se debe a los propios estudiantes. Identificando a Uruguay y Brasil como los países donde se presenta el menor puntaje de ineficiencia. Y a México y República Dominicana como los que presentan un mayor puntaje de ineficiencia.


Palabras clave

Eficiencia; fdh; metafrontera; insumo; productos;

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