Desarrollo económico y la escuela estructuralista

Andrés Escobar-Espinoza

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32997/2463-0470-vol.18-num.18-2010-389

Resumen

El estructuralismo tuvo importantes implicaciones en las políticas de desarrollo  de América Latina hasta los años 1970s. Sus antecedentes teóricos se remontan  a economistas clásicos, quienes estudiaron a fondo la estructura e instituciones  de la economía en cuestión. El análisis se basa en fundamentales de la economía  del desarrollo, como ser, distribución del ingreso, cambio estructural, excedentes,  la distinción de sectores productivos y no-productivos, y el rol del dinero en  la economía "real", por mencionar algunos. Sus nuevas propuestas, como parte  integral de la denominada economía moderna y de la heterodoxia han sido ignoradas por la mainstream. Distinguir sabiamente entre las diferentes perspectivas  requiere un enfoque de diagnóstico que establezca claramente que las restricciones  del crecimiento son particulares para cada economía. En la actual era de globalización y financiarizacion de la economía, estas propuestas junto con su marco  conceptual representan una alternativa válida para comprender las limitaciones  que enfrentan los países en desarrollo e informar adecuadamente a los policy  makers, y así poder conseguir un crecimiento económico inclusivo que permita  alcanzar la prosperidad económica y social.

Palabras Clave: Economía del Desarrollo, Neo-estructuralismo, Estructuralismo.

 


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