Costos fuera de bolsillo en pacientes con cáncer de mama: una revisión sistemática

Rusvelt Vargas, Efraín Martelo, Adalgisa Alcocer, Esther De Vries

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32997/2463-0470-vol.27-num.3-2019-2590

Resumen

El objetivo del presente artículo fue revisar la literatura publicada entre 2000 y 2016 sobre gastos de bolsillo en pacientes con cáncer de mama. Se realizó una revisión sistemática, realizada en las bases de datos Ebsco, Medline, Sciencedirect, Proquest y Google Scholar. Se incluyeron artículos que en el título y/o palabras clave tenían los términos: “Carga económica”, “Gastos de bolsillo” y “Cáncer de mama” con estimaciones de gastos de bolsillo anuales o mensuales. Se revisaron 27 artículos y solo 5 cumplieron con los criterios de selección, llevados a cabo en Canadá (2), Estados Unidos (1), India (1) y Haiti (1). El gasto de bolsillo mensual más bajo se encontró en Haití: U$ 66,62 y el más alto en Canadá (Terranova): U$371,7. El gasto de bolsillo es un elemento importante para las economías de las pacientes con cáncer de mama y sus familias. Es necesario identificar la relación entre este con las barreras para acceder a los servicios de salud.


Palabras clave

Gasto de bolsillo; cáncer de mama, carga económica,

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