Prevalencia de trastornos sexuales en mujeres con cáncer ginecológico en el departamento del Quindío

Franklin José Espitia-De La Hoz



Introducción: los estudios epidemiológicos señalan que los trastornos sexuales son comunes en hombres y mujeres de todas las edades y sociedades, pero son más frecuentes en personas mayores y en las que padecen enfermedades crónicas, incluyendo la depresión y el cáncer.

Objetivo: conocer la prevalencia de trastornos sexuales en pacientes con cáncer ginecológico en una población de mujeres del Quindío - Colombia.

Resultados: estudio en 207 mujeres. El cáncer de mama representó 36.2% del total, endometrio 18.8%, cérvix 26.0%, ovario 11.5% y vulva 7.2%. Los trastornos sexuales se detectaron en el 48.9% del grupo con edades entre 20-40 años, en 58.8% en el de 41-60 y en 96.3% de las mujeres entre 61-80 años de edad, siendo del 100% en las mayores de 80 años. La prevalencia de trastornos sexuales fue del 94.2% en este grupo de mujeres.

Conclusión: la prevalencia de trastornos sexuales es elevada entre mujeres con cáncer ginecológico. La angustia acerca de los trastornos sexuales es más del doble de prevalente entre las mujeres con cáncer de vulva o cérvix. En contraste, las pacientes con cáncer de mama presentaron menores porcentajes de dificultades sexuales, pero no por eso deja de ser importante, puesto que las cifras continúan siendo superiores a las de la comunidad no oncológica. Rev.cienc.biomed. 2016:7(2):203-211.


Cáncer; Mujeres; Orgasmo; Prevalencia; Sexualidad.



Introduction: epidemiological studies point out that sexual disorders are common in men and women of all ages, but they are more frequent in adults and in those people who are suffering chronic diseases, including depression and cancer.

Objective: to know the prevalence of sexual disorders associated with gynecological cancer among a women group from Quindio – Colombia.

Results: 207 cases were found. The breast cancer accounted for 36.2% of the total; endometrial cancer 18.8%; cervix cancer 26%, ovarian cancer 11.5% and vulvar cancer 7.2%. Sexual disorders were detected in 48.9% of the group aged 20-40 years, 58.8% in the 41-60 age group, and in 96.3% of the women between 61 and 80 years of age, being 100% in the elderly of 80 years. The prevalence of sexual disorders was 94.2% in this group of women.

Conclusion: the prevalence of sexual disorders rises among women with gynecological cancer. The concern about sexual disorders is more than twice as prevalent among women with vulvar and cervix cancer. In contrast, the women who suffering from breast cancer show lower percentages of sexual disorders, but that has the same importance because the numbers of these diseases are higher than those of the non-cancer community. Rev.cienc.biomed. 2016:7(2):203-211.


Cancer; Women; Orgasm; Prevalence; Sexuality.

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