Prevalencia de disfunción sexual en mujeres del Eje Cafetero

Franklin José Espitia-De La Hoz

Resumen


Introducción: las disfunciones sexuales son alteraciones en las fases del ciclo de res­puesta sexual que impiden o dificultan disfrutar satisfactoriamente de la sexualidad. Las mujeres pueden presentar trastornos del deseo, de la excitación, del orgasmo o dolor, aunque es frecuente la coexistencia de dos o más disfunciones.

Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de disfunción sexual femenina en una población del Eje Cafetero colombiano.

Materiales y métodos: estudio prospectivo, trasversal, descriptivo y aplicativo. Se aplicó y se midió el Índice de Función Sexual Femenina (IFSF) en mujeres de 18 a 84 años de edad que consultaron seis de los principales centros de salud de las ciudades del Eje Cafetero (Armenia, Manizales y Pereira).

Resultados: respecto a la prevalencia de las diferentes disfunciones sexuales, en la población general, la más frecuente fue el trastorno del deseo sexual (34.9%), seguida de ausencia o infrecuencia en el orgasmo (28.5%), falta de lubricación, trastorno de la excitación (20.2%) y dolor en la relación sexual (8.4%). Las mujeres en edad repro­ductiva mostraron prevalencia del 27.4% de trastornos del deseo, mientras que en las mujeres en etapa menopáusica mostraron prevalencia del 42.9% de trastornos del de­seo. La disfunción del deseo sexual se asoció a menor satisfacción en la relación sexual y de pareja con estados emocionales negativos (p<0.001).

Conclusión: existe una proporción importante de mujeres con disfunción sexual (34.9%) en el Eje Cafetero colombiano. Rev.cienc.biomed. 2016;7(1):25-33.

PALABRAS CLAVE:

Disfunción sexual; Epidemiología; Hábitos sexuales.

SUMMARY

Introduction: the sexual dysfunctions are alterations in the phases of sexual respons­es that do not allow to enjoy the sexuality satisfactorily. The women can present disor­ders in the desire, arousal, orgasm or pain. Even though is frequent the coexistence of two or more dysfunctions.

Objective: to determine the prevalence of female sexual dysfunction in a population from Eje Cafetero- Colombia.

Methods: a prospective, transverse, descriptive and applicative study was carried out; also, it was applied the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) in 20.268 women between 18 and 80 years old that took consultations in the main medical centers in the Eje Cafetero´s cities (Armenia, Manizales y Pereira).

Results: regarding the different sexual dysfunction prevalence, in general terms, the most frequent were sexual desire disorder (34.9%), followed by orgasm absence, lack of lubrication (19.5%), arousal disorder (20.2%), pain during sexual relationship (8.4%). The women of reproductive age showed a prevalence of 27.4% in desire dis­orders, while in menopausal women the ranks showed prevalence of 42.9% in desire disorders. The sexual dysfunction was associated with less satisfaction in sexual and intimate relationship with emotional states and negative feelings (p<0.001).

Conclusion: there is a significant proportion of women with sexual dysfunction in the Eje Cafetero-Colombia (34.94%). Rev.cienc.biomed. 2016;7(1):25-33.

KEYWORDS

Sexual dysfunction; Epidemiology; Sexual habits.


Texto completo:

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