Consumo diario de cigarrillo en estudiantes de Medicina en una universidad de Bogotá- Colombia: variables asociadas

Adalberto Campo-Arias, Myriam Villamil-Vargas, Edwin Herazo

Resumen


Introducción: el consumo de cigarrillo da cuenta de un número importante de muertes anualmente. No obstante, el consumo diario de cigarrillo es frecuente en estudiantes de Medicina de Colombia y poco se conoce sobre las variables asociadas en esta población.

Objetivo: conocer algunas variables asociadas al consumo diario de cigarrillo en estudiantes de Medicina de una universidad de Bogotá-Colombia, en el año 2010.

Materiales y métodos: se llevó a cabo un estudio analítico observacional transversal en el que participaron estudiantes de Medicina mayores de 18 años. Se cuantificaron variables demográficas, rendimiento académico, consumo problemático de alcohol (CPA) (Cuestionario AUDIT), síntomas ansiosos y depresivos (SAD) (Cuestionario de Salud Personal), estrés percibido (Escala de Estrés Percibido-10), riesgo de trastorno del comportamiento alimentario (RTCA) (Cuestionario SCOFF) y consumo diario de cigarrillo durante el último mes.

Resultados: participó un total de 275 estudiantes (media para la edad de 21.7 años; DE=2.8), 62.5% mujeres. Se observó que 82 estudiantes (28.4%) informaron rendimiento académico insatisfactorio; 86 (29.8%), CPA; 47 (16.3%), SAD; 23 (8.0%), alto estrés percibido; 59 (20.4%), RTCA; y 35 (12.1%), consumo diario de cigarrillo durante el último mes. Edad mayor de 20 años (OR=3.13; IC95% 1.33-7.41; p=0.007) se asoció a consumo diario de cigarrillo durante el último mes.

Conclusión: el consumo diario de cigarrillo es frecuente en estudiantes de Medicina de una universidad de Bogotá-Colombia. El consumo es elevado en los estudiantes mayores de 20 años. Se necesita promover el abandono del consumo de cigarrillo en esta población. Rev.cienc.biomed. 2016;7(1):18-24.

 

PALABRAS CLAVE

Tabaquismo; Factores de riesgo; Estudiantes de Medicina; Estudios transversales.

 

SUMMARY

Introduction: cigarette consumption increases annually the number of deaths. However, smoking is common among Colombian medicine students and not much is known about the associated variables in this population.

Objective: to identify the associated variables with daily cigarette consumption among medicine students from a private university in Bogotá-Colombia, in 2010.

Methods: a cross-sectional observational analytical study was carried out, in which medicine students over 18 years old participated from a university in Bogotá. Demographic variables, academic performance, abusive alcohol consumption (AAC) (AUDIT), anxiety and depressive symptoms (ADS) (Personal Health Questionnaire), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale-10), risk of eating disorder (RED) (SCOFF Questionnaire) and daily cigarette consumption were quantified in the past month.

Results: a total of 275 students participated in this study (with an average age of 21.7 years old, SD = 2.8), 62.5% women. It was noted that 82 students (28.4%) reported unsatisfactory academic performance; 86 (29.8%) AAC; 47 (16.3%) ADS; 23 (8.0%) high perceived stress; 59 (20.4%) RED; and 35 (12.1%) daily cigarette consumption in the past month. Ages over 20 years (OR=3.13, 95%CI 1.33-7.41, p=0.007) were associated with daily consumption in the last month.

Conclusion: the daily cigarette consumption is common among medicine students from a private university in Bogotá-Colombia. Smoking is higher in students over 20 years old. It’s necessary to promote information to stop the cigarette consumption in this population. Rev.cienc.biomed. 2016;7(1):18-24.

 

KEYWORDS

Smoking; Risk factors; Medical students; Cross-sectional studies.


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